History of Sugarcane and producing states in India for farming

History of Sugarcane and producing states in India for farming

Almost every kind of crop is produced in India. Hence, sugarcane is one of the most famous crops in India. Sugarcane guides several species and hybrids of tall annual grass in the genus Saccharum, tribe Andropogoneae, utilising stems rich in sucrose, accumulating stalk internodes. For sugarcane farming, you can use Powertrac Euro 50 tractor and other efficient farming machines. 

Sugarcane was initially developed in “New Guinea” around 800 BC. The country Brazil is the biggest producer of sugarcane in the world. However, there is excessive sugarcane display in India. India is the 2nd largest sugarcane producing country globally. The sugarcane used for making sugar, jaggery and Khansari, is consumed widely across the country. This article will discuss factors related to sugarcane production in India. Also the Indian Government Brings some schemes like kissan net, agrimachinery for farmers. 

History of Sugarcane Production in India

Sugarcane was an old crop of the Austronesian and Papuan individuals. It was introduced to Polynesia, Island Melanesia, and Madagascar in prehistoric times via Austronesian sailors. Austronesian merchants introduced it to southern China and India around 1200 to 1000 BC. The Persians and Greeks discovered the famous “reeds that produce honey without bees” in India between the sixth and fourth centuries BC. They adopted and spread sugarcane agriculture. Retailers began to trade in sugar from India, considered a luxurious and expensive spice. In the 18th century, sugarcane shows started in the Caribbean, South American, Indian Ocean, and Pacific island nations. Individuals voluntarily admitted indentured servitude, and others were forcibly imported as enslaved individuals. As a result, Brazil is the largest sugarcane growing country.

Climatic requirements

Temperature for different steps of sugarcane the necessary steps are germination, tillering, early development, active growth and extension. The optimum temperature for the sprouting of stem cuttings is 32°c to 38°c. It delays down below 25°c, achieving a plateau of 30°c-34°c. Temperatures of more than 38°c reduce the rate of photosynthesis and increase respiration. For ripening, relatively low temperatures of 12°c to 14°c are desirable. It is a good yield as per the climate situation in India.

Sugarcane Cultivation Regions in India

Tropical districts Transferred around 45% and 55% of the whole sugarcane province and innovation in the country, individually alongside the moderate efficiency of 77 th (2011-12). On the other hand, subtropical districts conveyed around 55% and 45% of regions and the product of sugarcane with moderate usefulness about 63th (2011-12).

Sugarcane Industry Role In Indian Economy

Sugarcane production recreates a significant role in the Indian thrift. It supplies the raw material for sugar and industries making alcohol, paper, chemicals and cattle feed. The sugarcane has a huge processing network consisting of 762 installed sugar mills, has several associated industries and backward and forward linkages. 

With 5 million hectares, sugarcane production in India was carried out on about 2.57 per cent of the total cropped area. It employs around 60 lakh sugarcane growers and indirectly employs many people in the association. 

Important Tools For Sugarcane Farming 

With a suitable climate, soil and land, sugarcane farming needs efficient tractors and farming implements. Several tractors are available in the Indian market, but Powertrac Euro 60 types of tractors are ideal for sugarcane farming. And rotavator, cultivator and such machines are beneficial for it. 

Top Sugarcane Producing States In  India

Uttar Pradesh

The question emerges of which state is the largest producer of sugarcane, the answer is Uttar Pradesh. It is well known for producing various crops, including sugarcane. Up’s districts that are known for sugarcane are Meerut,  Saharanpur, and Bulandshahr. Around 2.5 crore people of UP submit to the sugarcane industry.


Maharashtra ranks second in the top sugarcane growing conditions in India. 9 lakh hectares of land is utilised to create 75.3 MT of sugarcane in Maharashtra. The climatic state of Maharashtra is appropriate for the cultivation of sugarcane. Districts producing sugarcane in Maharashtra are Pune, Solapur, Satara and Maharashtra.

Tamil Nadu

Tamil Nadu is in the third position in the list of most significant sugarcane producers in India. The state maintained the top record of growing 107 tonnes per hectare of sugarcane annually.


The earlier record of the last year recorded sugarcane production of 34.6 million tonnes. As a result, Karnataka gained immense popularity for producing top-quality sugarcane in India. The excellent climate appropriate for sugarcane presentation is low humidity, sunny in the day and cold at night.

Andhra Pradesh

Andhra Pradesh received 5th position in India’s list of top conditions based on sugarcane production in India. The soil is perfect for sugarcane production. Andhra Pradesh’s development in sugarcane production has been massive in the previous years. The total output of the crop was recorded to 14.9 MT in the last year, which is far more from the earlier few years than the previous one.


Uttarakhand is in tenth place in India’s list of leading sugarcane producers. About 6.4 million tonnes of sugarcane are cultivated in this state as hilly areas with stable conditions suit the sugarcane growing.

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