Tur is one of the best pulses, and it is high in protein and thrives in tropical and semitropical environments. In addition, Tur’s symbiotic nitrogen obsession propels the dirt forward. In India, the states with the highest concentrations of Pigeon Pea cultivation are Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Karnataka, MP, Maharashtra, and Uttar Pradesh.
Methods and Requirements for Pigeon Pea Cultivation
You must deal with specific prerequisites in Pigeon Pea Cultivation. Along these lines, you must meet the conditions of this cultivation to increase production.
1. Prerequisite for the Environment
Pigeon Pea can be grown at temperatures ranging from 15°C to 18°C. Then, the most elevated temperature for Tur cultivating should be 30°C to 35°C. This cultivation requires 600 to 650 mm of rain. Furthermore, sowing is most effective at temperatures ranging from 25° to 33° C.
Aside from that, you harvested the crop at a temperature of 35°C to 40°C for a superior and sound result.
2. Soil Prerequisites
Pigeon Pea Cultivation can be done in a variety of soils. In any case, growing Pigeon Pea in prolific and loamy soils will yield the best results. Avoid developing it in saline-basic or saturated soils, as these are unsuitable for development.
3. Well-known Varieties and Yield
In India, a few pigeon pea varieties are grown. As a result, we should be aware of them.
- AL-15 yields 5.5 QTL per acre of land
- AL 201 contains 6.2 QTL per acre of land.
- PAU 881 has 5.6 QTL per acre.
- 4th PPH: QTL ranges from 7.2 to 8 per acre of land.
- AL 882: 6 to 8 QTL per acre of land UPAS-120: 6 to 8 QTL per acre of land, there are 5.4 QTL.
Additional State Varieties
- 5 QTL per acre of land in ICPL 151 (Jagriti)
- 5 QTL per acre of land in Pusa Ageti
- Harvest time for Pusa 84 is 140 to 150 days.
- IPH 09-5 is a hybrid.
- Hybrid IPA 203
4. Preparation of Land
To prepare the land for Pigeon Pea cultivation, one deep ploughing followed by a few harrowings is sufficient to prepare the ground for Pigeon Pea cultivation. Planking should be done after each ploughing. As a result, you should buy or rent a quality tractor, such as the New Holland 3600, to avoid loss and additional costs. You can also set up a field where water stagnation cannot occur to protect the yield from water logging conditions. Arhar with Barley, Wheat, Sufed Senji, or Sugarcane is proper crop rotation.
You should sow the Pigeon Pea as soon as possible because deferring sowing can be hazardous to your yield creation and result in yield loss. As a result, the second fortnight of May is an excellent time to plant the crop. Planting distances should be 25 cm between plants and 50 cm between lines. In addition, you should use a seed drill to plant the seeds in the ground. We recommend an excellent seed drill for planting and the most expensive tractors, such as the Swaraj 834.
Furthermore, the planting depth should be between 7 and 10 cm. Then, you can plant the seed that was broadcasted. Line planting with a seed drill, on the other hand, is more critical for Tur cultivation. For one acre of land, approximately 6 kg of seeds is sufficient.
6. Necessity of Water
The first watering should be applied 3 to 4 days after planting, and subsequent waterings should be based on precipitation. As a result, rinsing the field is necessary for a good yield in these stages. On the other hand, flooding the area excessively can encourage more vegetative growth. Furthermore, flooding the field after mid-September can impact crop development.
7. Insects and Pathogens
You should take care of your crop to protect it from various illnesses and pests. To keep your harvest free of infections, we will tell you about the following chemical compounds:
Pests and their Management:
- Spray Indoxacarb 14.5SC @ 200ml or Deltamethrin 2.8EC @ 200ml/acre of land for blister beetles.
- Spray Indoxacarb Spinosad 45SC at 60ml/100-125litres or 14.5SC at 200ml/acre of land on pod borer.
Illnesses and Their Management:
- Captan or Thiram at 3gm/kg seed for Cercospora leaf spot
- Spray 300 mL Propiconazole per acre of land to control wither.
- Ulcers: Apply Mancozeb 75WP at a rate of 2gm per acre of land.
- Sterility Mosaic: 300 mL of Fenazaquin 10% EC sprayed per acre of land
- Spray Metalaxyl 8 percent + Mancozeb 64 percent @ 2gm on Phytophthora stem scourge.
When the fruits and leaves have a green tint, it is time to reap and collect for vegetative purposes. You can also organise for grain when 75 to 80 per cent of the units are dry and brown. Postponing harvesting can be harmful to the seeds. After cultivating, you must keep the plants in the sunlight to dry.
Please leave a comment or review on this blog. It will motivate us to produce new, up-to-date farming information as we strive to provide farmers with reliable information. You will get better results if you cultivate Tur using this simple method. We’ll come up with various pieces of information. Stay blessed, happy, and healthy until then.