Green gramme farming, also known as moong farming, is widespread crop cultivation in India. Green Gram, also known as “Moong” in Hindi, is widely consumed in various settings. Moong is high in fibre, iron, and protein. It is a summer crop grown by farmers as a Kharif crop. Green gramme is grown on approximately 5.2 thousand hectares of land in Punjab, with a total production of 4.5 thousand tonnes in 2012-13.
Green Gram Farming Tips
We’ve put together some essential requirements and needs for green gramme farming in India to help you understand how to do it. So just read them and cultivate Moong in India.
Green gramme farming done in temperatures ranging from 25°C to 35°C. It can help you grow and make more money. Following that, you must sow seeds at temperatures ranging from 25°C to 30°C to ensure proper pulverisation. Green gramme farming requires 60 to 90 cm of rain per year. Furthermore, crops can be harvested at temperatures ranging from 30°C to 35°C. These climate factors can assist you in growing healthy and high-yielding produce in India.
Green gramme grew in a variety of soils. Green gramme grew in well-drained loamy to sandy loam soils for a higher yield. Avoid cultivating it in saline or saturated soils, as these conditions can limit the growth of green grammes. So develop it according to the instructions, and you will get a high yield.
There are several varieties of green gramme that can produce a high yield. So pick one of them to get started with your green gramme farming.
- PAU 911 – 4.9 QTL/acre SSL 1827 – 5.0 QTL/acre ML 2056 – 4.5 QTL/acre ML 818 – 4.9 QTL/acre ML PAU 911 – 4.9 QTL/acre
- 668 SML – 4.5 QTL / acre
- 832 SML – 4.6 QTL / acre
- TMB 37 – Harvestable in 60 days
Varieties in other states:
- Jawahar 45 – 4 to 5.2 QTL/acre
- ML 1 = 3 to 4 QTL/acre
- 2.4 to 3.6 QTL/acre for Type 1
- 3.2 to 4 QTL/acre in Pusa Baisakh
- 4 to 4.8 QTL/acre in Mohini
- PS 16 has 4 to 4.8 QTL per acre.
Preparation of Land
It requires two or three ploughings followed by planking. As a result, you should do at least two ploughing operations to the fine tilth of the soil. Also, planking should done after each ploughing. As the Mahindra Arjun 605 is reasonably priced and performs well, you can use an excellent tractor such as the Massey Ferguson 1035 DI or another. It can also help to reduce costs in these operations.
July’s first two weeks are ideal for Kharif farming. And the best months for summer Moong cultivation are March to April. For Kharif sowing, you must use a row space of 30 cm and a plant to plant distance of 10 cm. For example, you can use a row space of 22.5 cm and a plant to plant space of 7 cm for Ravi sowing. Following that, maintain a soil sowing depth of 4 to 6 cm. Then, the crop easily planted using Drill/Pora/Kera sowing methods.
Green gramme is primarily a Kharif crop, and the weather entirely determines its irrigation requirements. Depending on the climate and soil type, it requires 3 to 5 irrigations during the summer season. You should stop irrigation after 55 days of sowing to ensure a healthy yield.
Various pests and diseases can harm crops during farming. You should treat the crop with chemicals to solve this problem. Let’s learn about pests and diseases, as well as how to treat them.
Pests and their management:
- Sucking pest (Jassid, aphid, whitefly) – spray with Oxydemeton Methyl at 250ml/acre, Malathion at 375ml, or Dimethoate at 250ml. Mite – Apply Dimethoate 30EC at a rate of 150ml per acre.
- Acephate 75SC @ 800gm/acre or Indoxacarb 14.5SC @ 200ml Pod Borer – Acephate 75SP @ 800gm/acre or Indoxacarb 14.5SC @ 200ml or Spinosad 45SC @ 60ml/acre
- Tobacco caterpillar – Apply a spray of Chlorpyriphos 20EC at a rate of 1.5Ltr/acre or Acephate 57SP at a rate of 800gm/acre.
- Hairy Caterpillar – Apply a 200ml spray of Dichlorvos or a 500ml spray of Quinalphos per acre.
Diseases and their management:
- Yellow mosaic virus – Triazophos @ 600ml Thiamethoxam @ 40gm/acre spray
- Cercospora leaf spot – 400gm/acre spray of Zineb 75WP
It is best to harvest when approximately 85 percent of the pods have matured. Overripe crops avoided, resulting in crop loss due to shattering. You can harvest the field by hand using a sickle. After harvesting, it’s time to thresh. You should use a high-quality tractor, such as the Mahindra 575 DI XP Plus because it is affordable and reliable. So use it for thresher implementation to ensure a smooth process. Following that, you must clean the crop and dry it in the sun.
We hope you can now cultivate green gramme with ease (Moong). Stay tuned for more information on agriculture, farming, fruits, and other topics.
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